Machiavelli thus sets the tirocinio for an enduring tete-a-tete among his readers

Machiavelli thus sets the tirocinio for an enduring tete-a-tete among his readers

Is he an opportunist offering aid and comfort to would-be tyrants? Do the moral and political goals he outlines durante the final chapter of The Prince justify the actions he advocates durante the preceding chapters? These questions seem destined puro remain with us as long as Machiavelli’s book continues puro occupy per central place mediante modern political thought.

James Madison, “The Federalist Giammai

What we know of the personal character of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is at odds with the treachery implied in the adjective derived from his name. Evidence suggests that Machiavelli was an upright man, a good father, and a husband who lived durante affectionate harmony with his wife, Marietta Corsini, who bore him six children. Throughout his life, Machiavelli was a zealous republican. He served Florence with uncompromising patriotism as an effective senior administrator and diplomat. But his celibe-minded service sicuro the republic of Florence ended when the army of the Holy League of Pope ily preciso power as benevolent despots of the city. Mediante the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position in the city government but, when per conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered per early 1513, he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on per list taken from the conspirators. Thrown into prison and subjected sicuro the kind of torture that forced blameless men onesto confess their guilt, Machiavelli nevertheless maintained his innocence and was eventually released.

Reduced to poverty, and with restrictions placed on his movements around the city, Machiavelli sought refuge sopra the little property, outside Florence, that he had inherited from his father. There he produced not only The Prince, which he completed between the spring and autumn of 1513, but also verso variety of political commentaries and histories and per number of well-received literary works. After the death of Pope Julius II in 1513, the affranchit of Lorenzo de’Medici (called the Magnificent) became Pope Leo Quantitativo-one of three popes the Medici family produced. It was Machiavelli’s hope that by dedicating The Prince sicuro Lorenzo de’Medici, cri of the most famous of all the Medicis, he would obtain an office that would return him puro public life. That hope was con vain. Machiavelli died at the age of 58, still exiled from Florence.

I Samuel and I Kings (Old Testament); Matthew 22 (New Testament)These books sopra the Bible deal with the tensions between religious and political loyalties.

Aristotle, PoliticsIn this exploration of the ideal state, Book V, concerning the maintenance of political power, is an especially pertinent antecedent puro Machiavelli.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)The author presents verso grim vision of human beings in their natural state, which becomes the basis for his argument that per practically omnipotent government is necessary onesto secure a basic level of justice and elementary freedoms.

John Locke, The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)Chapter 14 examines the circumstances sopra which government can act mediante violation of the law or sopra the absence of law. Chapter 19 concerns the right of the people sicuro overthrow per ruler or government when either has abused his power.

10” (mediante The Federalist) (1787-88)This essay addresses the problem of factions that inevitably develop among citizens and the ways of controlling their detrimental effects without infringing on liberty.

Is he best understood as a seeker of unity and peace, concerned preciso make his advice practical and effective?

Plato, The StatesmanOne of Plato’s major works of political philosophy, this discussion explores the nature and virtue of a king or statesman.

Machiavelli’s view of the Italy of his day-“leaderless, lawless, crushed, despoiled, torn, overrun” (p. 83)-underwrites the advice he gives per The Prince. It also leads him esatto end his treatise with an “Exhortation onesto liberate Italy from the barbarians.” Machiavelli calls for “per new prince…to introduce a new order” (p. 82) that would bring unity and stability onesto the often warring city-states of the Italian peninsula. In this portion of The Prince and con some of his other writings, Machiavelli appears more idealistic and friendly toward a form of government that would give citizens per say. Per his Discourses, Machiavelli portrays the ideal government as a republic that allows groups with differing opinions to speak openly.

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